Trust Gamepad Gxt 28 Driver
You need to load a module for your gameport (ns558, emu10k1-gp, cs461x, etc...), a module for your joystick (analog, sidewinder, adi, etc...), and finally the kernel joystick device driver (joydev). You can load the module at boot, or simply modprobe it. The gameport module should load automatically, as this is a dependency of the other modules.
Trust Gamepad Gxt 28 Driver
You need to get USB working, and then modprobe your gamepad driver, which is usbhid, as well as joydev. If you use a usb mouse or keyboard, usbhid will be loaded already and you just have to load the joydev module.
Go to -tester.com/. Currently, testing vibration and producing a visual of the gamepad is supported in Chromium but not Firefox. Additionally, as of version 107.0.5304.121-1, Chromium can read Joystick devices but not evdev.
this maps the EV_ABS event with id of 40 and 41 (use xboxdrv with --evdev-debug to see the events registered), which is the normally inaccessible "mouse pointer" on the throttle, to first gamepad joystick and throttles to second joystick, it also clamps the top and lower ranges as they not always register fully.
this maps the 3 joystick axes to gamepad axes and changes the calibration (min value, centre value, max value), dead zones (negative side, positive side, flag to turn smoothing) and finally change of response curve to a more flat one in the middle.
If you want to play games with your gamepad, you might want to disable its joystick control over mouse cursor. To do this, edit /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/51-joystick.conf (create if it does not exists) so that it looks like this:
Gamepads can be remapped for SDL2 applications using the SDL_GAMECONTROLLERCONFIG environment variable. For each line, it includes the gamepad's GUID, a name, button / axis mappings and a platform. The controller's GUID can be retreived by installing sdl2-jstest-gitAUR and then running sdl2-jstest --list.
While most gamepads, especially USB based ones should just work, some may require (or give better results) if you use alternative drivers. If it does not work the first time, do not give up, and read the following sections thoroughly!
The hid-nintendo kernel HID driver was mainlined in kernel 5.16. If you are using an earlier kernel, you will need to install the DKMS module named hid-nintendo-dkmsAUR. The driver provides support for rumble, battery level, and control of the player and home LEDs. It supports the Nintendo Switch Pro Controller over both USB and Bluetooth in addition to the Joy-Cons.
The hid-nintendo kernel driver does not handle the combination of two Joy-Cons into one virtual input device. That functionality has been left up to userspace. joycond-gitAUR is a userspace daemon that combines two kernel Joy-Con evdev devices into one virtual input device using uinput. An application can use two Joy-Cons as if they are a single controller. When the daemon is active, Switch controllers will be placed in a pseudo pairing mode, and the LEDs will start flashing. Holding the triggers can be used to pair controllers and make them usable. To pair two Joy-Cons together, press one trigger on each Joy-Con.
The hid-nintendo driver currently conflicts with Steam using hidraw to implement its own Pro Controller driver. If you wish to use the Steam implementation, the hid-nintendo driver can be blacklisted. Alternatively if you want to use hid-nintendo with a Steam game directly, Steam can be started without access to hidraw using firejail:
By default, SDL2 maps buttons on Nintendo controllers according to the gamepad's label instead of the button's position. This is enabled by the SDL_HINT_GAMECONTROLLER_USE_BUTTON_LABELS setting, which defaults to 1 for controllers known to use the Nintendo button layout, and 0 for other controllers. This behavior can be overridden for all controllers by setting the SDL_HINT_GAMECONTROLLER_USE_BUTTON_LABELS environment variable. For example, if Nintendo's conception of A/B and X/Y is undesirable, set SDL_HINT_GAMECONTROLLER_USE_BUTTON_LABELS=0.
If you want to use one of the widely available Bluetooth gamepads, such as iPEGA-9017s designed mostly for Android and iOS devices you would need xboxdrvAUR, bluez, bluez-plugins, and bluez-utils. You should connect it in gamepad mode (if there are different modes, choose the gamepad one). Technically it is ready to be used, but in most cases games would not recognize it, and you would have to map it individually for all application. The best way to simplify it and make it work with all applications is to mimic Microsoft X360 controller with xboxdrvAUR.Once connected you can create a udev rule to give it a persistent name, that would come in handy when setting it up.
The Steam client will recognize the controller and provide keyboard/mouse/gamepad emulation while Steam is running. The in-game Steam overlay needs to be enabled and working in order for gamepad emulation to work. You may need to run udevadm trigger with root privileges or plug the dongle out and in again, if the controller does not work immediately after installing and running Steam. If all else fails, try restarting the computer while the dongle is plugged in.
xboxdrv can be used to make any controller register as an Xbox 360 controller with the --mimic-xpad switch. This may be desirable for games that support Xbox 360 controllers out of the box, but have trouble detecting or working with other gamepads.
A relatively new driver which does support the Xbox One S and Xbox Series XS controller via Bluetooth is called xpadneo. In addition to these two models, it has also basic support for the Xbox Elite Series 2 Wireless controller. In exchange for fully supporting just two controllers so far, it enables one to read out the correct battery level, supports rumble (even the one on the trigger buttons - L2/R2), corrects the (sometimes wrong) button mapping and more.
xone is a Linux kernel driver for Xbox One and Xbox Series XS accessories. It serves as a modern replacement for xpad, supersedes xow. Currently working via wired or with the wireless dongle. This driver is still in active development.
Install the bluez, bluez-plugins, and bluez-utils packages, which includes the sixaxis plugin. Then start the bluetooth service and ensure bluetooth is powered on. If using bluetoothctl start it in a terminal and then plug the controller in via USB. You should be prompted to trust the controller in bluetoothctl. A graphical bluetooth front-end may program your PC's bluetooth address into the controller automatically. Hit the PlayStation button and check that the controller works while plugged in.
Any gamepad device, regardless of whether it is over USB or Bluetooth, is handled by the "input" subsystem of the kernel, corresponding with /dev/input. It's also common for udev rules to target the "hidraw" kernel module. Combining these, we can understand udev's handling of these devices by inspecting the configuration shipped by packages:
Sometimes USB gamepad can be recognized as HID mouse (only in X, it is still being installed as /dev/input/js0 as well). Known issue is cursor being moved by the joystick, or escaping to en edge of a screen right after plugin. If your application can detect gamepad by itself, you can remove the xf86-input-joystickAUR package.
If you are using a generic non-widely used gamepad you may encounter issues getting the gamepad recognized in games based on SDL. Since 14 May 2015, FNA supports dropping a gamecontrollerdb.txt into the executable folder of the game, for example the SDL_GameControllerDB.
Some software, Steam for example, will only recognize the first gamepad it encounters. Due to a bug in the driver for Microsoft wireless periphery devices this can in fact be the bluetooth dongle. If you find you have a /dev/input/js* and /dev/input/event* belonging to you keyboard's bluetooth transceiver you can get automatically get rid of it by creating according udev rules:
If your Steam Controller is working well in Steam Big Picture mode, but not recognized by a game or the game starts crashing when you plug in the controller, this may be because of the native driver that has been added to the Linux kernel 4.18. Try to unload it, restart Steam and replug the controller.
Linux has extensive support for gamepads. However, it requires a great deal of manual configuration. Because of this lack of simplicity in configuring controllers, we do not recommend or provide support for using controllers on Linux.
The Steam Controller automatically emulates an XInput gampad (XBox 360) on Windows, OSX, and Linux and is supported as an XInput gamepad. No direct support of the controller's special features is available at this time.
In addition to the devices shown in the table above, Rewired has an option to attempt to support all unknown gamepads. On the Rewired Input Manager - Settings page, enable the option "Support Unknown Gamepads." More information about how this option works and caveats can be found here.
The information in the following table shows which controllers have been mapped for the different browsers running on different operating systems. The operating system and browser versions shown are the versions that have been tested. For gamepads that do not use the Standard Gamepad mapping mode, because at any time the browser manufacturer may decide to create a Standard Gamepad mapping for a controller causing the mapping layout to change, extended support cannot be guaranteed for any browser versions but the ones shown.
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